The Mexican population is constantly aging, currently the country has approximately 8.5 million people older than 60 and this population group has a growth rate which is increasing from 3.08% to 3.52%. This will require a specialized attention during which the majority will remain economically active.
Mexico is rapidly and prematurely aging since the number of people above 65 years of age passed from 6% in 2010 to 9% in 2012 and according to projections realized by the National Council for Population (CONAPO), the relative increase of this segment will continue until it reaches 17.1% of the population in 2030 and 27.7% of the population in 2050.
This information was revealed in the presentation of the National Study about Health and Aging in Mexico (ENASEM) which was held to obtain information about the aging process, the impact of the aging process, the impact on diseases and incapacity among the-over-50 population in Mexico.
Generally speaking these phenomena present differences over time, for the sub-categories age and gender. The study was elaborated with the collaboration of the National Institute for Statistics and Geography with the participation of the University of Texas, medical division; the University of Wisconsin; the National Institute for Geriatrics and the National Institute for Public Health, both in Mexico.
During 2012 the perception of ill-health was found among 57.1% of the men and 67.5% of the women in this age group.
Health coverage is a vital topic for the people in this age group. Last year 34.1% of the women and 33.5% of men said they were covered by the Mexican Institute for Social Security, followed by the Seguro Popular to which 32.5% of the women and 31.3% of the men were affiliated.
In relation to chronic diseases in 2012 compared to 2001 it should be noted that the same three diseases most affect the population: arterial hypertension, diabetes and arthritis. These are followed by lung illnesses, heart attacks, embolisms and cancer.
With regard to the autonomy to do activities for daily life, the women admit more often to having problems fulfilling six daily tasks: dressing, getting up and going to sleep, walking, using the bathroom, bathing and eating.
With regard to the conjugal situation in 2012 41.1% of the women did not have a partner, that is to say they were single, separated, widows or divorced, meanwhile among the men 18.6% were without a partner.
As far as employment and occupation of seniors in 2012 57.4% of the women were dedicated to unpaid work in the home while 68.5% of the men worked in some kind of formal or informal job.
Furthermore the survey shows that 83.7% of men and 79.8% of the women were satisfied with their lives; and that 79.6% of men and 78% of women thought they had received the most important things from life.
In so far as thinking that life was close to ideal, 71.4% of men and 67.8% of women thought that to be the case. Of the men 64.4% would not change a thing in their lives compared to 61.5% of the women. Furthermore 59.8% of the men and 54.6% of the women perceived their conditions in life as excellent.
(Yazmín Balula / Mexican Business Web)